UPANISHADS! This first mantra, Shanthi Mantra of Ishavasya Upanishad, which is in the Fortieth Chapter of Yajur Veda, it is given first place in the series of Upanishads. I should just say a few words about these Upanishads and mantras.
There are four major Commenatries on Upanishads. Four major Commentaries: Neelakanta Shivacharya, Adi Guru Shankaracharya, Ramanujacharya, Madhwacharya. All four of them are great enlightened beings, incarnations. No question of comparing anybody with others. All four of them made Upanishads user-friendly for a different type of group at different times. So, please understand, the differences you see in the different Commentaries of the Masters is not because of the Masters, it is because of the disciples.
When Neelakanta Shivacharya – he is the first one who wrote the Commentary, much earlier to Adi Guru Adi Shankaracharya, Jagadguru Adi Shankaracharya – when Neelakanta Shivacharya was writing the Commentary, what was the need of the society, human society at that time, what needs to be highlighted for them, what is the best way they will all be able to experience the Upanishads, from that angle he presented the Upanishads. And then comes Jagadguru Adi Shankaracharya. He is one of the greatest incarnations. He reveals the Upanishads for that time and for that human society. Please understand, ‘Why the differences between the Masters?’, should be understood.
Somebody came to me. He came for a debate, and straight he started asking, ‘Swamiji, even among our own acharyas there is no one conclusion. How can we follow anything? Hinduism is just chaos and confusion!’
I said, ‘Who funded your education?!!’
These people, the Hindus educated by the anti-Hindu forces, are most dangerous than any anti-Hindu forces! These people confuse the common man and destroy Hindu Tradition, understand? As an inheritor of Hindu wisdom – not “self-styled”; I am born Hindu, brought up as Hindu! – I am telling you, please understand, the differences between the acharyas’ Commentaries are not because all the acharyas’ “anubhoothi”, experience, was different. No! The need of the society, need of the disciples, need of the human society at that time was different! So, when each acharya happened – the Upanishads are like an ocean – each one of them made the Upanishads user-friendly for that time and society. The differences of the acharyas and their Commentaries should be taken as the richness of Hinduism, and not as chaos or confusion of Hinduism. So, they provided paths for different mindsets. Continue reading “Richness of Hinduism”